The timeline of the Anglophone Crisis and Ambazonian War in Cameroon during 2022. - Latest Updates on business and health
The timeline of the Anglophone Crisis and Ambazonian War in Cameroon during 2022.

The timeline of the Anglophone Crisis and Ambazonian War in Cameroon during 2022.

N Melo
by N Melo
July 24, 2022 0

The timeline of the Anglophone Crisis and Ambazonian War in Cameroon during 2022.

The Anglophone Crisis is an ongoing armed conflict in the Republic of Cameroon in Central Africa, where historically English-speaking Ambazonian separatists are seeking the independence of the former British colony of Southern Cameroons, which was unified with Cameroon since 1961.

January timeline of the Anglophone Crisis

  • On January 3, separatists detonated an improvised explosive device (IED) in the town of Limbe, Southwest Region, which will host matches of the delayed 2021 Africa Cup of Nations (AFCON). Separatist fighters who had vowed to disrupt 2021 Africa Cup of Nations in the city said on social media they were responsible for the blast and stated that it was “a warning sign of what they will do during AFCON”.
  • The delayed AFCON is scheduled to be held in Limbe and Buea starting on January 9. Cameroon has deployed additional troops to the cities, while separatists have warned the Confederation of African Football against holding the tournament.

  • On January 8, Cameroonian army soldiers on patrol in a military vehicle were ambushed in Bafut. The government forces left from Santa and were surprised by separatist fighters hiding in the forest. Several soldiers were wounded, according to an initial report.

  • On January 11, SDF senator Henry Kemende was killed in Bamenda. No one claimed responsibility.
  • On January 12, The Mali national football team suspended training before the AFCON game against Tunisia following clashes between separatists and the Cameroon Armed Forces in Buea, killing two. 

    Three police officers were also injured by a homemade bomb.
     In a separate incident near Buea, a Cameroonian soldier was killed in a separatist IED ambush; the Ambazonia Defence Forces (ADF) claimed responsibility.
     The Tunisian Football Federation decided to cancel the post-game recovery session of the Tunisia national football team due to “terrorist threats”.

  • On January 15, armed separatists abducted eight plantation workers in Tiko, accusing them of collaborating with the Cameroonian military. The plantation workers were released nine days later; according to the separatists, the workers had sworn not to collaborate with the Cameroonian military in the future.
  • On January 18, at least one Cameroonian soldier was killed, several more were injured and two vehicles were destroyed in a separatist IED ambush between Buea and Muyuka.
  • On January 19, armed men abducted five teachers in the village of Weh in Menchum, Northwest Region.
  • On January 20, the Cameroonian military killed separatist commander “General Ebube” and two of his lieutenants in Nseh in the Bui division.
  • On January 21, there were clashes between separatist fighters and the Cameroonian Army in Babessi.
  • On January 22, separatist fighters invaded a burial and killed four mourners in the village of Finge, Northwest Region.
  • On January 24, a shootout broke out between separatist fighters and the Cameroonian Army in Bui.
  • On January 25, a Cameroonian soldier was shot dead and beheaded during a separatist raid in Bamenyam, West Region. Several other soldiers were reportedly wounded. The ADF claimed responsibility.
  • On January 28, a Cameroonian police officer was shot dead by separatist fighters in Bamenda. The ADF claimed responsibility. In Bambalang, Northwest Region, four separatists were neutralized and their arms were seized by the Cameroonian Army.
  • On January 31, a separatist militia known as the “Bui Warriors” battled Cameroonian forces in Bamkikai, Kumbo, until the Cameroonian Army withdrew from the area. At least three Cameroonian soldiers were reportedly killed, and one military vehicle was destroyed.

February timeline of the Anglophone Crisis

  • On February 1, separatist fighters attacked and burned down a military base in Bali Nyonga, Mezam. Separatists restricted circulation on the Bamenda-Mbengwi road.
  • On February 2, President Samuel Ikome Sako was impeached by the legislative arm of the Interim Government faction loyal to him, complicating the long-running Ambazonian leadership crisis.
  • On February 6, the Cameroonian military killed two persons at a funeral in Bamukumbit, Northwest Region.
  • On February 7, a Cameroonian soldier was shot dead by separatist fighters in Kumba.
  • On February 8, suspected separatists set ablaze a classroom in a primary school in Buea.
  • On February 11, armed men referring to themselves as ARF (Ambazonia Restoration Forces) set several dormitories of Queen of the Rosary College in Mamfe on fire.
  • On February 14, a Cameroonian soldier died after his leg was cut off by a separatist IED ambush in Sabga, Northwest Region.
  • On February 16, it was reported that clashes between the ADF and the ARF (now led by Lekeaka Oliver, leader of the Red Dragon militia) had led to several separatist deaths. The clashes took place in six different towns, with the fighting in Kumbo being described as particularly bloody.
  • On February 21, a Cameroonian soldier was killed in a separatist IED ambush in the Northwest Region.
  • On February 25, the ADF abducted ten teachers from a school for disabled children in Ngomham, Bamenda. A separatist general was killed by the Cameroonian army in Kumba, Southwest Region.
  • On February 26, suspected separatist fighters opened fire on a vehicle in Bamenda killing a nurse and wounding a doctor.

March timeline of the Anglophone Crisis

  • On March 2, seven people including a Divisional Officer, and a mayor were killed in a separatist IED ambush in Ekondo-Titi, Southwest Region. The ADF claimed responsibility.
  • On March 9, armed Fulani killed Kum Achou Albert, the traditional ruler of Esu in Menchum together with his wife, after accusing him of failing to stop Esu youth from joining Ambazonian separatists. Esu youths subsequently burned down dozens of Fulani houses and farms, as well as a mosque. Six people were injured during the attacks. Cameroon deployed forces to Esu the next day to prevent further clashes, and several people were arrested.
  • On March 11, the Cameroonian military said it had arrested “several” separatists in Northwest Region who were planning to attack many gendarmerie brigades.
  • On March 13, ADF fighters were hosted by the Biafra Nations League (BNL) at one of their bases in the Bakassi peninsula. The two groups reportedly discussed joint operations from the peninsula and into Ndian Division.
  • On March 17, gunmen believed to be separatist fighters killed a man impersonating a fighter in Bamenda.
  • By March 18, following a Cameroonian government offensive in Kumbo, Ndop, Wum, Bafut and Kom, hundreds of separatist fighters had withdrawn to villages along the Nigerian border. The Cameroonian military claimed to have killed 20 separatists during the offensive, and deployed additional troops to border villages. The separatists said they had made a tactical withdrawal, and denied losing 20 fighters.
  • On March 27, a notorious Ambazonian general was beaten to death by an angry mob in Ngie, Momo Division, Northwest Region.
  • On March 28, suspected separatist fighters stormed a village in Wabane, Lebialem division, Southwest Region, killing a teacher and abducted five other persons.
  • On March 29, a gun battle between the Cameroon military and separatist fighters broke out in Bachongwa, Northwest Region following an explosion on a bridge as a military convoy used the road.In Mbongong, Ndu, separatists killed three ethnic Fulanis whom they accused of working for the Cameroonian government. Cameroonian government troops and Fulani militants retaliated by burning down houses, resulting in the death of at least one civilian.
  • On March 30, a Cameroonian soldier was killed in a separatist IED ambush in Mbonge, Southwest Region.
  • On March 31, several houses were set ablaze by separatists in Bamunka, Ndop, Northwest Region.

April timeline of the Anglophone Crisis

  • On April 5, separatists attacked the University of Bamenda for defying a ghost town operation. In Manyu, at least seven Cameroonian soldiers were killed and another seven were wounded in a separatist attack on four military checkpoints.
  • On April 6, separatists abducted alleged anti-separatists protesters in Oku, Northwest Region. Separatists set ablaze an unspecified number of houses who reportedly belongs to the Mbororos people in Ndu, Northwest Region. 33 seminarians were kidnapped for ransom by separatists in Manyu, Mamfe, Southwest Region then released 24 hours after their kidnapping. Four Cameroonian soldiers were killed and another six were wounded in a separatist IED ambush in Mamfe.
  • On April 7, three separatists who attempted to disrupt a football match, were killed by the population of Mbalangi, Mbonge, Southwest Region. Separatists opened fire on a public transport on the Mbengwi-Bamenda road in Momo Division, Northwest Region killing the driver and wounding a girl.
  • On April 8, a 60-year-old woman who is reported to have taken part in an anti-separatists protest in Oku, Bui Division, Northwest Region was killed by separatists. A separatist commander known as “General Insobu” was shot dead in Kumbo by a rival force called Bui Unity Warriors controlled by “General No Pity”. Cameroonian authorities said that separatists had attacked a village on the Nigerian border earlier in the week, with local officials saying they torched at least 12 homes and killed six members of the Mbororo ethnic group.
  • On April 12, The North West regional delegate of Penitentiary Administration and four prison wardens were killed in a separatist IED ambush in Kumbo, Northwest Region. The Bui Unity Warriors claimed responsibility.
  • On April 13, two separatists were killed in Kembong, Manyu.
  • On April 17, two civilians were killed following clashes between soldiers and separatists in Bamenda.[58]
  • On April 19, armed separatists killed five people in Akwaya, Manyu, two of whom were children.[59]
  • On April 21, the Cameroon military killed three people in a military raid in Bali, Northwest Region.[60]
  • On April 22, two soldiers were killed by separatists along the Mamfe-Ekok stretch.[61]
  • On April 25, the Cameroonian Army said it had killed six separatist fighters in Batibo, as well as one civilian who got caught in the crossfire. Several arrests were carried out.[62]
  • By April 25, about 90 percent of cross-border trade in the Anglophone regions had been brought to a halt, as Ambazonian forces and the Eastern Security Network expanded their control on both sides of the Nigerian border.
  • On April 26, Cameroon arrested more than 40 people in Oku, 24 of whom were later accused with working with separatists.
  • On April 27, a separatist general known as “General Try and See” and five of his fighters were killed by the Cameroonian Army in Ndu.
  • On April 28, the Cameroonian military said it had carried out raids in Batibo, Bafut, Gusang, Ndu, Kumbo and Wum in the past week, and that more than 40 separatists (including three generals) had been killed. The Cameroonian military claimed to have suffered no fatalities; this was disputed by the ADF. The ADF also said that some of its fighters had been captured and summarily executed. A video emerged where civilias in Guzang buried seven separatists and one civilian in a mass grave; the Cameroonian military confirmed its authenticity.
  • On April 30, the ADF abducted Senator Regina Mundi of CPDM and her driver in Bamenda and asked Paul Biya to release 75 Ambazonian prisoners.

May timeline of the Anglophone Crisis

  • On May 1, unknown gunmen kidnapped a lawyer in Bamenda.
  • On May 4, the Cameroonian Army killed a separatist fighter and his alleged girlfriend in Mbengwi.
  • The Cameroonian Army killed a woman and her cousin over alleged links with separatists in the same town.
  • On May 7, 10 construction workers were abducted by alleged separatists in Ekombe, Southwest Region.
  • On May 8, the Cameroonian Army killed three people including two separatists in Bamenda.
  • On May 9, two Cameroonian soldiers were killed in a separatist IED ambush in Lebialem while two others were killed in Jakiri.
  • On May 10, two Cameroonian gendarmes were killed by alleged separatists in Fonfuka.
  • On May 15, two Manyu-based Ambazonian generals announced a blockade of the Mamfe-Ekok road.
  • On May 16, separatists stormed Mbalangi and tortured civilians for siding with the Cameroonian military. Clashes broke out in Bamenda and lasted for at least three days.
  • On May 17, at least 19 workers at a state-owned plantation were abducted in Idenau by separatists.
  • On May 18, separatists stormed a market in Donga-Mantung and shot dead one person and injuring another.
  • On May 19, the Cameroon Army killed a separatist commander known as “Lion Dor” and his girlfriend in Oku.
  • On May 20, multiple clashes between the Cameroon Army and separatists took place in the English-speaking regions of Cameroon during the National Day. The Cameroonian Army claimed at least 28 separatists were killed during the battles, while the ADF claimed that 24 Cameroonian soldiers were killed.
  • On May 21, suspected armed Fulani killed a civilian and injured his daughter in Mangi.
  • On May 22, the Cameroonian Army said it had repelled a separatist ambush at Otou and that it had killed at least four separatists. Cameroon said that two soldiers were wounded in the incident.
  • On May 24, the Bui Warriors ambushed Cameroonian troops with an IED close to the Tobin gendarmerie brigade. Clashes ensued, and the separatists claimed to have killed many Cameroonian soldiers. Later in the day, an unexploded grenade left over from the fighting detonated in a school around Kumbo, killing one pupil and injuring two others. In Yelim, close to Kumbo, the Bui Unity Warriors ambushed a military convoy with an IED, causing an unknown number of casualties. Earlier in the day, a Bui Unity Warriors officer known as “Commander Moon Tiger” had died fighting the Cameroonian Army.
  • On May 26, a BBC correspondent was kidnapped by gunmen in Bamenda.
  • On May 28, the Cameroonian Army said it had killed three separatist fighters in a village called Afab, including a commander.
  • On May 29, separatist forces invaded the villages of Obonyi and Kajifu in Akwaya, near the Nigerian border, reportedly with the aim of abducting selected individuals. Clashes ensued, and many villagers fled across the border into the villages of Bashu and Danare in Boki, Cross River State. The separatists pursued them into Nigerian territory and killed at least 20 people, injured another 70, and burned down dozens of houses. The invasion was condemned by the Biafra Nations League (BNL), a Biafran separatist group with otherwise friendly relations with the Ambazonian movement. The BNL threatened to respond unless Ambazonian leaders condemned the invasion. In Batibo, Cameroonian Army freed several hostages held by the ADF, including Senator Regina Mundi who had been held since April 30. The army said that it had killed ten separatists and captured three. The ADF denied suffering any casualties, and said that the fighters had released the hostages in order to escape in time. The ADF also alleged that the Cameroonian Army had abused civilians during their search for the senator. In Kumbo, Cameroonian soldiers killed five people.

June timeline of the Anglophone Crisis

  • On June 1, Cameroonian army elements killed nine civilians in the locality of Missong, Menchum, including an 18-month-old girl. The soldiers were arrested by the authorities a few days later.
  • On June 4, former separatist general “Nambere” (who had taken an amnesty offer in 2020, and had since encouraged his fighters to follow his example) threatened to rejoin the Ambazonian struggle and to “spoil 30 amoured cars”, unless the Cameroonian government gave him a foreign passport and money to start a new life.
  • On June 7, between five and nine Cameroonian gendarmes were killed and another three were wounded in a separatist attack on a checkpoint in Njitapon, Kouoptamo, West Region. The attack was led by General No Pity. More than a hundred fighters participated in the attack, and they arrived in flying boats with the engines shut off in order not to make noise. The separatists then blew up the checkpoint with grenades, and used a rocket launcher to destroy army vehicles. Cameroonian Army reinforcements failed to arrive before the separatists had already withdrawn back across the river.
  • On June 8, two separatist fighters were killed by the BIR in Kumba, including an officer known as “General Deco”. Their remains were put on public display by the BIR.
  • On June 9, following a gun battle, suspected separatists burnt down an hospital in Mamfe.
  • On June 10, a Cameroonian gendarme was killed by separatists in Mbanga, Littoral Region.
  • On June 11, a Cameroonian gendarme was killed and beheaded by separatists in Bamenda, and another one was wounded. One civilian was also killed in the crossfire. An armed group known as the “Wounded Lions” claimed responsibility.
  • On June 12, three separatist fighters were killed in Bamali, Ndop, including an officer known as “General Transporter”.
  • On June 14, a Cameroonian gendarme and soldier were killed by separatists in the Northwest Region.
  • On June 16, suspected Fulani militants killed two people in Ndu. In Bamenda, a Cameroonian gendarme was injured in a separatist attack and left to die by his attackers; he was later rescued by locals.
  • On June 17, two Cameroonian soldiers were injured while attempting to disarm an IED near Mbingo, Boyo. In Kumbo, two teachers were kidnapped by suspected separatists.
  • On June 19, two children were seriously injured after playing with a grenade left behind from the Njitapon separatist attack twelve days prior.
  • On June 21, a separatist fighter was killed during clashes with Cameroonian forces in Esu. A civilian was also injured.
  • On June 24, SOCADEF attacked the Konye Gendarmerie Brigade, killing one Cameroonian officer. In the village of Mesaka in Akwaya, at least 26 villagers and six Nigerian citizens were massacred by armed men from the neighboring village of Oliti. Villagers in Mesaka claimed that the armed men were separatist fighters who had been hired for pay; separatists denied any involvement.
  • On June 25-26, the BIR carried out into the villages of Banten, Mborshia, and Yere in Bui division, during which they amushed an ADF hideout and killed between two and five fighters. The ADF claimed that two Cameroonian soldiers were also killed.
  • On June 28, ten separatists who attempted to attack a gendarmerie checkpoint in Babadjou, West Region were arrested and their weapons seized by the security forces, two gendarmes were wounded in the operation.

July timeline of the Anglophone Crisis

  • On July 1, the Red Dragons raided Santchou, West Region and burned cars and houses. While no one was killed, a number was injured and many fled. Separatist fighters also destroyed a food truck in Nzindong, Bamboutos, also in West Region.
  • On July 7, separatists launched a manhunt for their own general Shiyntum Augustine, after he had abused civilians in Bui.
  • On July 8, a Cameroonian soldier was killed in a separatist attack on a brigade in Mbiame. General No Pity led the attack.
  • On July 12, Ambazonian Field Marshall Lekeaka Oliver, leader of the Red Dragons, was killed in Menji. Cameroonian forces were able to retrieve the body three days later. According to the Cameroonian government, Oliver and one of his guards had been killed in a Cameroonian raid. Separatists claimed that Oliver had been killed by an insider during separatist infighting; his assassin had revealed the location of the body to Cameroonian forces.
  • On July 16, two separatist fighters were killed by the Cameroonian Army in Bafut.
  • On July 18, Cameroonian soldiers tortured and then summarily executed three civilians in Batibo, and burned down houses.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.