N Melo
by N Melo
June 3, 2022 0


It’s a sad record but first, let’s put it in context. The so-called Anglophone conflict or crisis had been simmering for decades, with Anglophones in Cameroon complaining of being marginalized and removed from decision-making spheres by Yaoundé’s predominantly Francophone administration. About 20% of the Cameroonian population is English-speaking. Since October 2017, Cameroon has been in the grip of a deadly conflict between the army and the separatist forces of the two English-speaking regions of the North West and South West. Its origins date back to the colonization of this country by the French and British governments.

An assessment made by a Norwegian NGO on the security situation in the world indicates that the NOSO crisis is on the podium of the most neglected crises in the world. It is based in particular on the scant attention paid to this crisis as to that in the Far North. The Norwegian non-governmental organization, Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) has published a list of the ten most neglected internal crises in the world. We find the crises operating in countries such as the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), which comes first, then Burkina Faso, then Cameroon, then South Sudan, Chad, Mali, Sudan, Nigeria, Burundi and Ethiopia.

This ranking for the year 2021 is based, according to its initiators, on the absence or even the scarcity of public policies and actions to manage these conflicts “it testifies to the chronic failure of decision-makers, donors and the media to address the conflicts and human suffering on this continent,” the NGO’s secretary general, Jan Egeland, said in a statement.

The report states that 2021 has seen three distinct crises persist in Cameroon. In the two English-speaking regions, the report says growing insecurity and abuses against civilians have forced people to flee in search of safety. Attacks on teachers, schools and health facilities continued, leaving 700,000 children unable to attend school. In the Far North region, violence and attacks have significantly hampered humanitarian efforts and access to people in need”

According to the Journal du Cameroun, in the East region of the country, There has been an increase in the number of refugees from the Central African Republic, which has put additional pressure on local host communities, as noted in the report.

For the past four years, Cameroon has been ranked 3rd on this list due to a consistent lack of political engagement and international attention.

Most international media rarely cover countries in conflict beyond reporting on new outbreaks of violence or disease, and in several African countries, the lack of press freedom compounds the situation. Then there is donor fatigue and the fact that many African countries are seen as of limited geopolitical interest.

The low level of funding limits the ability of humanitarian organizations both to provide adequate humanitarian aid and to do effective advocacy and communication work for these crises, creating a vicious circle.

The situation in 2022 shows few signs of easing for the people of Cameroon, as violence and insecurity persist. The detention of aid workers has led some organizations to suspend their programmes, leaving even more people beyond the reach of aid.

It is very unfortunate that for the first time, the first 10 countries are all African, always indicates the Journal du Cameroun. However, in previous years, African countries were certainly present, but we found countries from other continents in the top 10. This means that the security environment in Africa leaves something to be desired.

N Melo
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